Botafogo midfielder Clarence Seedorf could be banned for six games after being sent off for leaving the pitch in "an incorrect manner" after being substituted.
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Seedorf, 36, was taken off in the latter stages of his side's 2-1 win over Madureira in the Rio de Janeiro state championship on Sunday.
The former Netherlands international walked towards the team's bench, but Philip Georg Bennet stopped him and told him to leave the pitch by crossing the nearest touchline.
Seedorf refused, and the official said he had given him two yellow cards and sent him off after he described the instruction as "a joke" and said he would leave "anywhere he wanted".
Brazil's sports tribunal has charged him with "unethical behaviour and being disrespectful to the referee", triggering a potential ban and a fine of more than £30,000.
Sports tribunal prosecutor Andre Luiz Valentim said: "Seedorf showed a lack of respect to the referee. He will be charged under article 243 for offending the referee's honour.
"The punishment could be [a ban of] up to six matches as well as a fine."
However, it seems more likely that Seedorf's ban will not come close to the maximum possible and may be one or two games.