It is the first time Robben has made a squad since he was injured playing for the Dutch at the World Cup, where they reached the final but lost to Spain.
Otherwise, Van Marwijk's 27-man group is largely notable for the number of players picked despite their failure to regularly get into their club teams.
Ruud van Nistelrooy, Khalid Boulahrouz (both Stuttgart), Ibrahim Afellay (Barcelona), Hedwiges Maduro (Valencia), Urby Emanuelson (Milan) and Eljero Elia (Hamburg) have all struggled for playing time of late but have not been overlooked.
Netherlands play Hungary in Budapest on March 25 and then again four days later in Amsterdam.
Van Marwijk's side are top of the Group E standings with 12 points from four games, with Hungary three points behind in second place.
Holland squad to play Hungary in European qualifying matches: Maarten Stekelenburg (Ajax), Michel Form (FC Utrecht); Khalid Boulahrouz (Stuttgart), John Heitinga (Everton), Ron Vlaar (Feyenoord), Gregory van der Wiel (Ajax), Urby Emanuelson (Milan), Hedwiges Maduro (Valencia), Joris Mathijsen (Hamburg), Erik Pieters (PSV Eindhoven), Peter Wisgerhof (FC Twente); Ibrahim Afellay (Barcelona), Mark van Bommel (Milan), Nigel de Jong (Manchester City), Arjen Robben (Bayern Munich), Wesley Sneijder (Inter), Rafael van der Vaart (Tottenham Hotspur), Theo Janssen (FC Twente), Kevin Strootman (FC Utrecht), Demy de Zeeuw (Ajax); Eljero Elia (Hamburg), Klaas Jan Huntelaar (Schalke), Dirk Kuyt (Liverpool), Ruud van Nistelrooy (Hamburg), Robin van Persie (Arsenal), Luuk de Jong (FC Twente), Jeremain Lens (PSV).