Italy secured top spot in Group A as Andrea Bertolacci's late equaliser secured a 1-1 draw against Norway at the European Under-21 Championship, while England were humbled by Israel.
The Germany Under-21 team has come in for criticism from the country's media after failing to qualify for the semi-finals of the European Championships in Israel.
UEFA has been left red faced after a DJ played a song that contained racially-provocative lyrics seconds before an anti-racism message was broadcast at the European Under-21 Championship.
A late goal from Alvaro Morata booked Spain's place in the European Under-21 Championship semi-finals as they beat Germany, while the result also ensured Netherlands join them in the last four.
Glenn Hoddle has criticised England Under-21's showing at the European Championships in Israel and claimed an overhaul is needed to change England's fortunes on the international stage.
Italy secured progression to the European Under-21 Championship semi-finals and Norway look all but certain to join them after dumping out England.
England Under-21s manager Stuart Pearce says his players failed to deliver after they lost 3-1 against Norway to end their hopes of progressing any further in the European Championship in Israel.
Netherlands have survived a two-goal German comeback to win a 3-2 thriller, while Spain beat Russia 1-0 in the opening games of Group B at the European under-21 Championship.
England Under-21 skipper Jordan Henderson felt his side's disallowed goal was key as they lost 1-0 to Italy in their first European Championship game.
Italy claimed a 1-0 victory over England in their opening game of the European Under-21 Championship, while hosts Israel had to settle for a 2-2 draw with ten-man Norway.